Driving Success for GM
Al Gier, GM’s director of Global Risk Management & Insurance, felt so strongly about Elisa Black’s work in 2013 that he nominated her personally as a Power Broker®. That’s quite an endorsement. In fact, Gier and Frida Berry, GM’s manager of Liability Risk Financing, agree that not only did Black manage that critical global juggling act, but she did it with her professional, focused style.
“Elisa was instrumental in helping reduce collateral requirements and improving the efficiency of the global claims handling process,” Gier said. “Her client philosophy focuses on being prepared and setting the marketing standard at the forefront of the negotiation.”
Gier explained that any broker can negotiate with a carrier post-quote. More impressive is doing the legwork so you come to the table prepared to negotiate ahead of time, a Black trademark. Also, for a large global enterprise, he said, timing is everything. So finalizing financial negotiations early allows the time to fulfill the administrative and contractual obligations of an insured — the lifeline of most international programs.
Gier said Black is great at articulating obligations and time constraints.
Bermuda Excess Market Wizardry
With the automotive market continuing to recover, the Bermuda excess market is looking to boost premiums come renewal time. To help alleviate that pricing stress, Chris Heinicke and his Aon team do their best to negotiate with markets to keep premiums from climbing.
In 2013, Heinicke faced a specific challenge for a client that was in the midst of a claims issue with one market that had a sizable amount of capacity on the excess casualty program. The issue was on a completely separate line of business, but was enough of a problem that the client had made the decision to cut this market from all of their lines of business. That decision was made after the entire program had already been quoted at the expiring premium and there was little to no capacity left in Bermuda. Heinicke and his team worked quickly by increasing capacity with the only market in Bermuda that had something available, and then worked with the U.S. and London teams to get the terms, pricing and capacity needed to replace the market. In the end, the client was pleased with the results and impressed at the quick response.
“Chris’ knowledge of the Bermuda markets helped us structure a program with the broadest coverage,” said the liability risk financing manager from another large automaker. “We have a very good risk profile, and Chris ensures we aren’t being charged improperly.”
A risk manager from a third automaker credited Heinicke with doing a “fantastic job” in helping the company identify critical areas the Bermuda markets focus on, as well as what is needed to communicate those key areas to underwriters.
Marshalling the Marsh Resources
In this case, the product over-shipment would create a much larger balance sheet exposure than the client would normally face. Also, the client’s treasury department wanted to use the large shipment to enhance cash flow as well as its borrowing base. Kowalski found a solution involving both private insurance and governmental support to manuscript a program that not only provided vital risk mitigation, but also enhanced this client’s cash flow management needs.
To make things happen, Kowalski often collaborates with Marsh brokerage teams on a global scale — from Detroit, New York, and Chicago to Bermuda, London, Zurich and various offices throughout Asia. Along the way, he has successfully placed complex risk finance programs involving more than 73 global markets and billions of dollars of capacity for a single line of coverage.
“Michael is our client executive and we have worked together for a number of years,” said Al Gier, director, Global Risk Management & Insurance at General Motors. “He has the skills we like to see in a broker — mainly, responsiveness and delivering the proper resources quickly.”
Expertise and Knowledge
Key Air Inc. was getting ready to consider other brokers until Joseph Braunstein was assigned to their account, said Greg Kinsella, president and CEO of Key Air, which manages and operates aircraft owned by others. “We agreed that if we were going to Marsh that he would make the difference, and he definitely has,” said Kinsella. “It was really on the customer service side. He didn’t go through the motions and just offer minimum basic support. He really looked at our policies.”
Another major benefit Braunstein, Marsh’s General Aviation practice leader, offered Key Air is a user-friendly handbook the company can use to educate its clients on the various coverages available to them and how the policies would work when needed.
“Joe took the initiative to create that. It really gives me and my team a tool to sit down with our clients and educate them on aviation insurance,” Kinsella said. “It has helped us be more effective.”
He was able to transition the perception of insurance from a liability to an asset.
The director of operations for a large aircraft charter company praised Braunstein as “a fantastic resource.”
“When Joe and Marsh got our business, we immediately saw an increase in coverage and a decrease in premium,” he said.
In addition, Braunstein’s “expertise and knowledge in aviation insurance is quite evident. Joe is looking out for our interests and that’s something we did not have before.”
Sharing His Knowledge
John Geisen, senior vice president at Aon, has been an account leader in the aviation space for nearly two decades, and his clients have benefited from his in-depth knowledge.
“In the aviation industry, there are a lot of challenges that come up,” said Bill Hoyt, insurance risk manager at the Metropolitan Airports Commission, a public corporation that provides aviation services throughout the Twin Cities metropolitan area, including operating the Minneapolis-St. Paul International Airport.
“The issues change almost every day,” Hoyt said. “In this industry, you have got to have someone who has a significant understanding of the risks. That’s what John has and that’s what John brings to the table for us.”
In addition to the typical coverage, Hoyt relies on Geisen for unusual coverage challenges, counting on him to determine whether current policy wording covers such a risk or if an endorsement is required. One example, he said, involved determining liability issues associated with glare and other risks related to solar panels.
For Karen Erazo, manager, Legal Affairs, Sun Country Airlines, Geisen’s attentiveness, knowledge and ideas are as welcome as his focus on keeping costs down.
One issue Geisen has been focusing on this past year is the workers’ compensation impact of senior flight attendants, she said. “He’s come up with suggestions on addressing lifting and other ways to help our flight attendants reduce the risk of injury,” Erazo said.
“He’s very knowledgeable and very anxious to share that knowledge,” she said.
Customization and Confidence
From helping out a mom-and-pop airline to covering aviation risks in war-torn countries, Jason Hendrix does it all. A pilot himself, Hendrix furthered his knowledge at the Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, a college designed for aviation professionals, and as an aviation underwriter prior to becoming a broker.
“You can ask him anything about an airplane and he will tell you,” said Chrissy McCreary, supervisor, Risk Management, KBR, which operates air bases internationally, including in Iraq and Afghanistan. “Our corporate program is pretty specialized. We have bits and pieces all over the world and every project is different,” she said.
For Jake Duplechin, president and owner of Executive Aviation Management, Hendrix, an assistant vice president at Aon, helped him make his dream of owning his own aircraft management business a reality by fostering relationships with the insurance marketplace and putting together a fleet policy that covers the seven airplanes owned by about 15 companies.
“It’s almost like calling a buddy of mine on the phone but he’s such a professional when it gets down to it,” Duplechin said.
A challenge this year for CGG was the acquisition of a fleet of 28 aircraft in four countries.
“We never had to insure planes before,” said Erin Obrien Link, CGG’s enterprise risk management and insurance vice president. The situation was complicated by the planes being registered in different countries and having numerous local policies that were in effect. “He was able to put together a global policy, which was extremely complicated,” she said.
A True Partnership
As Intrepid Aviation was looking to grow, they called upon Drew Johnston, a vice president at Aon. “We were able to pivot very effectively from two aircraft to now 10 aircraft with customers in nine countries, said Intrepid’s chief investment officer, Brian Rynott. “We were looking for help to manage the portfolio and help plot out the growth trajectory, and someone to support us in that growth from an insurance perspective.”
Johnston was also crucial in coming up with a risk solution for Frank Perryman, president and CEO of Perryman Co., who is passionate about being in the left-hand seat and flying the company’s fleet of jet aircraft.
“Our qualifications are no different than professional pilots who would fly for any of the airlines, but being the owner and operator takes it to a unique difference,” Perryman said. “He takes the time to have an intimate knowledge of what we do and how we do it.”
Johnston also helped Perryman communicate the company’s message to their underwriter, which created “a better bond,” Perryman said. It also resulted in the liability limit the company required at a very competitive price. “There’s nothing that is cookie cutter anymore,” he said. “You have got to design solutions for each and every client and that’s what he did.”
Johnston also helps Beechcraft navigate its way through its international risks and the demands of its business partners, said Cheryl Herbst, manager, Insurance and Risk Management, Beechcraft. “They will ask for the moon,” she said. “He helps us find a solution, sometimes at the last minute.”
Chris Taylor “worked his magic” as he guided Hawker Beechcraft through a management liability renewal process prior to entering bankruptcy and in the formation of Beechcraft, the new company.
“There are special issues that arise, and it can be a real challenge to secure insurance prior to entering Chapter 11,” said Cheryl Herbst, manager, Insurance and Risk Management, Beechcraft. “However, thanks to Chris, we went through Chapter 11 with full coverage and a run-off policy.”
Taylor “just went above and beyond my expectations,” and worked late into the night as negotiations regarding formation of the new company took place. “The day we emerged as a new company, we had a total insurance program in place,” she said.
Taylor, a vice president at Aon, also was able to bring innovative solutions to a defense contractor, related to its wage and hour coverage and D&O needs, especially international D&O coverage.
Among the challenges he was able to address were dealing with the contractor’s multiple internal stakeholders, changing compliance requirements in various countries and communication issues with non-insurance professionals.
At another organization, a plastics manufacturer, Taylor had to handle a complex transaction with multiple U.S. and international D&O policies during an acquisition, which required extensive communication and time management as he worked with the new company’s risk management team and broker to align coverage to protect both companies.
AerSale has multifaceted and complicated aviation risk exposures, but William Willer was able to find ways to create solutions that work for both the company and underwriter.
“He provides excellent information and frankly seems to be able to get the underwriters to come along and cooperate with us. That impressed me,” said Gary Eakins, vice president and corporate counsel of AerSale Inc., an aircraft leasing company that ferries aircraft.
Insurance is very expensive for ferrying flights, and it goes up astronomically depending on the number of flights, said Eakins.
“That never made a lot of sense. It’s the landing and take offs that get you, not the number of miles you cruise at altitude,” he said. “Bill was able to moderate those costs in a reasonable and effective way.”
In addition, Willer’s technical knowledge has been extremely helpful in drafting contracts, and he has been very responsive. “The aviation space is quite small in terms of people. They all know each other. I find Bill to be very effective in dealing with underwriters when unusual issues come up or when we need to explore an area where we hadn’t been before,” Eakins said.
Willer, an area president at Arthur J. Gallagher, also helped an airline through a Chapter 11 process, while correcting some serious and costly actions caused by a previous broker, and helped the risk manager of an aircraft leasing company overhaul the entire risk management process.
5 & 5: Rewards and Risks of Cloud Computing
Cloud computing lowers costs, increases capacity and provides security that companies would be hard-pressed to deliver on their own. Utilizing the cloud allows companies to “rent” hardware and software as a service and store data on a series of servers with unlimited availability and space. But the risks loom large, such as unforgiving contracts, hidden fees and sophisticated criminal attacks.
ACE’s recently published whitepaper, “Cloud Computing: Is Your Company Weighing Both Benefits and Risks?”, focuses on educating risk managers about the risks and rewards of this ever-evolving technology. Key issues raised in the paper include:
5 benefits of cloud computing
1. Lower infrastructure costs
The days of investing in standalone servers are over. For far less investment, a company can store data in the cloud with much greater capacity. Cloud technology reduces or eliminates management costs associated with IT personnel, data storage and real estate. Cloud providers can also absorb the expenses of software upgrades, hardware upgrades and the replacement of obsolete network and security devices.
2. Capacity when you need it … not when you don’t
Cloud computing enables businesses to ramp up their capacity during peak times, then ramp back down during the year, rather than wastefully buying capacity they don’t need. Take the retail sector, for example. During the holiday season, online traffic increases substantially as consumers shop for gifts. Now, companies in the retail sector can pay for the capacity they need only when they need it.
3. Security and speed increase
Cloud providers invest big dollars in securing data with the latest technology — striving for cutting-edge speed and security. In fact, they provide redundancy data that’s replicated and encrypted so it can be delivered quickly and securely. Companies that utilize the cloud would find it difficult to get such results on their own.
4. Anything, anytime, anywhere
With cloud technology, companies can access data from anywhere, at any time. Take Dropbox for example. Its popularity has grown because people want to share large files that exceed the capacity of their email inboxes. Now it’s expanded the way we share data. As time goes on, other cloud companies will surely be looking to improve upon that technology.
5. Regulatory compliance comes more easily
The data security and technology that regulators require typically come standard from cloud providers. They routinely test their networks and systems. They provide data backups and power redundancy. Some even overtly assist customers with regulatory compliance such as the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA) or Payment Card Industry Data Security Standard (PCI DSS).
1. Cloud contracts are unforgiving
Typically, risk managers and legal departments create contracts that mitigate losses caused by service providers. But cloud providers decline such stringent contracts, saying they hinder their ability to keep prices down. Instead, cloud contracts don’t include traditional indemnification or limitations of liability, particularly pertaining to privacy and data security. If a cloud provider suffers a data breach of customer information or sustains a network outage, risk managers are less likely to have the same contractual protection they are accustomed to seeing from traditional service providers.
2. Control is lost
In the cloud, companies are often forced to give up control of data and network availability. This can make staying compliant with regulations a challenge. For example cloud providers use data warehouses located in multiple jurisdictions, often transferring data across servers globally. While a company would be compliant in one location, it could be non-compliant when that data is transferred to a different location — and worst of all, the company may have no idea that it even happened.
3. High-level security threats loom
Higher levels of security attract sophisticated hackers. While a data thief may not be interested in your company’s information by itself, a large collection of data is a prime target. Advanced Persistent Threat (APT) attacks by highly skilled criminals continue to increase — putting your data at increased risk.
4. Hidden costs can hurt
Nobody can dispute the up-front cost savings provided by the cloud. But moving from one cloud to another can be expensive. Plus, one cloud is often not enough because of congestion and outages. More cloud providers equals more cost. Also, regulatory compliance again becomes a challenge since you can never outsource the risk to a third party. That leaves the burden of conducting vendor due diligence in a company’s hands.
5. Data security is actually your responsibility
Yes, security in the cloud is often more sophisticated than what a company can provide on its own. However, many organizations fail to realize that it’s their responsibility to secure their data before sending it to the cloud. In fact, cloud providers often won’t ensure the security of the data in their clouds and, legally, most jurisdictions hold the data owner accountable for security.
Risk managers can’t just take cloud computing at face value. Yes, it’s a great alternative for cost, speed and security, but hidden fees and unexpected threats can make utilization much riskier than anticipated.
Managing the risks requires a deeper understanding of the technology, careful due diligence and constant vigilance — and ACE can help guide an organization through the process.
To learn more about how to manage cloud risks, read the ACE whitepaper: Cloud Computing: Is Your Company Weighing Both Benefits and Risks?