"Several studies indicate that violence often takes place during times of high activity and interaction with patients, such as at meal times and during visiting hours and patient transportation," according to a publication from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health about violence in hospitals. "Assaults may occur when service is denied, when a patient is involuntarily admitted, or when a health care worker attempts to set limits on eating, drinking, or tobacco or alcohol use."
However, there is a lack of workplace violence prevention training for nurses and other health care workers. In response, stakeholders partnered with NIOSH to develop a free, online training program.
NIOSH says these programs should include prevention strategies that focus on risk factors from the following perspectives:
- Clinical -- patients under the influence of drugs or alcohol.
- Environmental -- the physical layout, design, and contents of the workplace.
- Organizational -- policies, procedures, and culture.
- Social and economic -- distraught family members and challenging economic circumstances.
"To prevent violence in hospitals, employers should develop a safety and health program that includes management commitment, employee participation, hazard identification, safety and health training, and hazard prevention, control, and reporting," NIOSH says. "Employers should evaluate this program periodically. Although risk factors for violence are specific for each hospital and its work scenarios, employers can follow general prevention strategies."
The training course consists of 13 units that each take approximately 15 minutes to complete. The multimedia tool incorporates text, videos depicting workplace violence incidents, testimonials from real nurses, and module quizzes. Nurses can also receive continuing education credits for completing the online course.
By Nancy Grover
Read more at the WorkersComp Forum homepage.
September 23, 2013
Copyright 2013© LRP Publications