Lifestyle behaviors involving physical activities, nutrition, tobacco smoking and substance abuse have a significant impact on people's health. These lifestyle exposures contribute to many diseases including type 2 diabetes, hypertension, heart disease, stroke, some forms of cancer and obesity.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, each year:
- At least 300,000 people die from illnesses associated with obesity.
- 440,000 die from illnesses attributed to cigarette smoking.
- 40 percent of all deaths are caused by heart disease or stroke.
Investments in preventing occupational and non-occupational illness, injury and disability experienced by the U.S. workforce can have a significant impact on the health-related productivity of American business.
(CDC. The Burden of Chronic Diseases and Their Risk Factors. National and State Perspectives. 2002)
August 1, 2005
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